Over the years, vehicles have improved in speed and intelligence, resulting in new safety systems. Furthermore, despite these additional measures, the nation's automobile accident numbers remain alarmingly high. We've collected a list of the most helpful safety features that can be found in today's automobiles. Let's begin!
The seatbelt developed from a rudimentary two-point design in the early 1900s to the modern three-point form, which Volvo patented in 1959 and subsequently provided for free on the open market. Only in 1970 did seatbelts become a required piece of automotive safety equipment. The three-point belt, which resembles a Y shape, effectively distributes the energy of the moving body (across the chest, pelvis, and shoulders) during a collision. All seats in a car now have three-point seat belts as standard equipment.
Airbags are a second-place pick for automobile safety features. As of January 1998, airbags were required in all new cars. Cars nowadays seem to cushion their passengers in an accident by using side, curtain, and knee airbags. Thorax airbags with head protection are now standard in certain newer cars. Nowadays, the airbag has been improved thanks to modern design.
#3 Anti-Locking Braking System (ABS)
Automakers began installing anti-lock brake systems (ABS) as an option on vehicles in the 1970s. By the late 1980s, ABS was standard equipment on almost all new models.
With ABS, the vehicle's wheels may be monitored for rotational speed, and hydraulic fluid can be released if the wheel is turning too slowly. ABS essentially gives the driver more control over the steering while stopping in slick or rainy conditions. Even though ABS was the first contemporary brake technology invention, many new automobiles now have Pedestrian Auto Emergency Braking. This function keeps tabs on how close a pedestrian is to the path of a moving car. This is to see how likely it is that a collision will occur. The auto emergency braking system's pace determines how quickly it will stop when a car moves.
If the systems indicate a collision is imminent, the driver will be warned and assisted using the brakes to their greatest potential.
#4 Electronic Stability Control/Program
Electronic Stability Control (ESC)/Program (ESP) features are used to identify when traction is being lost on the wheels of vehicles. Using this feature helps keep the car from sliding and helps the driver maintain control of the steering. The ESC brakes individual wheels as necessary. It may even limit engine power until control is reestablished. It was introduced in 1983 and quickly became the industry standard in the early 1990s. Tire pressure monitors are also standard in a modern car. The driver is alerted by this brand-new safety feature whenever a tire pressure dips below the set level.
#5 Crumple Zones
Crumple zones for passenger safety are mandated on all new automobiles. Instead of delivering collision energy to passengers, crumple zones absorb it inside the vehicle's exterior sections. Ultimately, the car will serve as a protective cocoon for its occupants. This may be accomplished by identifying weaker zones on the vehicle's outside and reinforcing the vehicle's interior.
What are some other features in modern cars that keep us safe? Let us know in the comments!